English Translation of “Bundesland” | The official Collins German-English Dictionary online. Over English translations of German words and phrases. Translations for Bundesland in the PONS Online German» English Dictionary: Bundesland, die alten/neuen Bundesländer. Translations in context of "Bundesland" in German-English from Reverso Context : Gerst wurde in Künzelsau im Bundesland Baden-Württemberg geboren. You will find a list of links for the student support programmes of the individual federal states here:. Die Partnerschaften dienen dazu, die deutsche internationale Zusammenarbeit noch wirksamer und effizienter zu gestalten. Jedes Bundesland und jeder Kanton hat eigene Zugriffsnummern. Ask the LEO community. Phrases Speak like a native Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages. My search history My favourites. German state [ POL. Das Stadtentwicklungsministerium wird ergänzend dabei unterstützt, die nationalen Siedlungsabfall-Richtlinien zu aktualisieren und die Umsetzung der neuen Abfallgesetzgebung damit zu verbessern. Engineering know-how from the Federal States of Bremen and Brandenburg will contribute to the development of a novel concept for vegetation zone management.. Die beliebtesten Ziele waren Berlin und Sachsen, das bevölkerungsreichste ostdeutsche Bundesland. Though international relations including international treaties are primarily the responsibility of the federal level, the constituent states have certain limited powers in this area: As a practical matter, there have champions league wettquoten cases where states have been able to block projects endorsed by the federal government, as in the case of a railway tunnel ergebnis msv duisburg was to be built below the Semmering. Even so, Austrians tend to identify passionately with their respective Land and often defend what little independent governance their states have. Deutscher Bundestag Public Relations Division. The Landkreise have primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as highways, hospitals, and public utilities. In the other states there are the following piłka nożna online. Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia. The loan word Land is written bundesland in english a capital "L" and is gauselmann vermögen in the official English version of the Basic Law  and in UK parliamentary proceedings. Territorial reform is sometimes propagated by the richer states as a means to avoid or reduce fiscal transfers. BeschaffenheitLageStandVerfassung. These sentences come euroleague köln external sources and may not be accurate. About the contextual dictionary Download the App Contact Legal considerations. The Franco-Saarlander currency union ended on 6 Julywhen the Deutsche Mark was introduced as legal tender in the Saarland. States with limited recognition. Retrieved 15 October
Committees and expert commissions advocated a reduction of the number of states; academics Rutz , Miegel , Ottnad etc.
Territorial reform is sometimes propagated by the richer states as a means to avoid or reduce fiscal transfers. Article 29 reflects a debate on territorial reform in Germany that is much older than the Basic Law.
The Holy Roman Empire was a loose confederation of large and petty principalities under the nominal suzerainty of the emperor. Approximately states existed at the eve of the French Revolution in Territorial boundaries were essentially redrawn as a result of military conflicts and interventions from the outside: The debate on a new delimitation of the German territory started in as part of discussions about the new constitution.
Hugo Preuss , the father of the Weimar Constitution , drafted a plan to divide the German Reich into 14 roughly equal-sized states.
His proposal was turned down due to opposition of the states and concerns of the government. Article 18 of the constitution enabled a new delimitation of the German territory but set high hurdles: In fact, until there were only four changes in the configuration of the German states: The 7 Thuringian states were merged in , whereby Coburg opted for Bavaria , Pyrmont joined Prussia in , and Waldeck did so in Any later plans to break up the dominating Prussia into smaller states failed because political circumstances were not favourable to state reforms.
They became administrative regions of a centralised country. Three changes are of particular note: Between and , new states were established in all four zones of occupation: In , the military governors of the three Western Allies handed over the so-called Frankfurt Documents to the minister-presidents in the Western occupation zones.
Among other things, they recommended revising the boundaries of the West German states in a way that none of them should be too large or too small in comparison with the others.
As the premiers did not come to an agreement on this question, the Parliamentary Council was supposed to address this issue. Its provisions are reflected in Article There was a binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory: Moreover, in territories or parts of territories whose affiliation with a Land had changed after 8 May without a referendum, people were allowed to petition for a revision of the current status within a year after the promulgation of the Basic Law paragraph 2.
If at least one tenth of those entitled to vote in Bundestag elections were in favour of a revision, the federal government had to include the proposal into its legislation.
Then a referendum was required in each territory or part of a territory whose affiliation was to be changed paragraph 3.
The proposal should not take effect if within any of the affected territories a majority rejected the change. In this case, the bill had to be introduced again and after passing had to be confirmed by referendum in the Federal Republic as a whole paragraph 4.
The reorganization should be completed within three years after the Basic Law had come into force paragraph 6. In their letter to Konrad Adenauer , the three western military governors approved the Basic Law but suspended Article 29 until such time as a peace treaty should be concluded.
Only the special arrangement for the southwest under Article could enter into force. In southwestern Germany, territorial revision seemed to be a top priority since the border between the French and American occupation zones was set along the Autobahn Karlsruhe-Stuttgart-Ulm today the A8.
If no agreement is reached, the revision shall be effected by a federal law, which shall provide for an advisory referendum.
With the Paris Agreements , West Germany regained limited sovereignty. This triggered the start of the one-year period as set in paragraph 2 of Article As a consequence, eight petitions for referendums were launched, six of which were successful:.
The last petition was originally rejected by the Federal Minister of the Interior in reference to the referendum of However, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany ruled that the rejection was unlawful: The rejection of the plan by the Saarlanders was interpreted as support for the Saar to join the Federal Republic of Germany.
On October 27, , the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to join Germany, as provided by the Grundgesetz constitution art.
Saarland became part of Germany effective January 1, The Franco-Saarlander currency union ended on 6 July , when the Deutsche Mark was introduced as legal tender in the Saarland.
Paragraph 6 of Article 29 stated that, if a petition was successful, a referendum should be held within three years. Since the deadline passed on 5 May without anything happening, the Hesse state government filed a constitutional complaint with the Federal Constitutional Court in October The complaint was dismissed in July on the grounds that Article 29 had made the new delimitation of the federal territory an exclusively federal matter.
At the same time, the Court reaffirmed the requirement for a territorial revision as a binding order to the relevant constitutional bodies.
The grand coalition decided to settle the petitions by setting binding deadlines for the required referendums. The referendums in Lower Saxony and Rhineland-Palatinate were to be held by 31 March , and the referendum in Baden was to be held by 30 June The quorum for a successful vote was set at one-quarter of those entitled to vote in Bundestag elections.
Paragraph 4 stated that the vote should be disregarded if it contradicted the objectives of paragraph 1.
In his investiture address, given on 28 October in Bonn, Chancellor Willy Brandt proposed that the government would consider Article 29 of the Basic Law as a binding order.
An expert commission was established, named after its chairman, the former Secretary of State Professor Werner Ernst. After two years of work, the experts delivered their report in It provided an alternative proposal for the two regions: At the same time the commission developed criteria for classifying the terms of Article 29 Paragraph 1.
The capacity to perform functions effectively was considered most important, whereas regional, historical, and cultural ties were considered as hardly verifiable.
To fulfill administrative duties adequately, a population of at least five million per state was considered as necessary. After a relatively brief discussion and mostly negative responses from the affected states, the proposals were shelved.
Public interest was limited or nonexistent. The referendum in Baden was held on 7 June Hence, the two referendums in Lower Saxony were successful.
As a consequence, the legislature was forced to act and decided that both Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe should remain part of Lower Saxony.
The justification was that a reconstitution of Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe would contradict the objectives of paragraph 1. An appeal against the decision was rejected as inadmissible by the Federal Constitutional Court.
On 24 August , the binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory was altered into a mere discretionary one. Paragraph 1 was rephrased, now putting the capacity to perform functions in the first place.
The option for a referendum in the Federal Republic as a whole paragraph 4 was abolished. Hence a territorial revision was no longer possible against the will of the population affected by it.
The debate on territorial revision restarted shortly before German reunification. While academics Rutz and others and politicians Gobrecht suggested introducing only two, three, or four states in East Germany, legislation reconstituted the five states that had existed until , however, with slightly changed boundaries.
Article 29 was again modified and provided an option for the states to "revise the division of their existing territory or parts of their territory by agreement without regard to the provisions of paragraphs 2 through 7 ".
Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. The German political system operates under a framework laid out in the constitutional document known as the Grundgesetz Basic Law.
By calling the document the Grundgesetz , rather than Verfassung constitution , the authors expressed the intention that it would be replaced by a true constitution once Germany was reunited as one state.
Amendments to the Grundgesetz generally require a two-thirds majority of both chambers of the parliament; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.
Despite the original intention, the Grundgesetz remained in effect after the German reunification in , with only minor amendments.
The states are parliamentary republics and the relationship between their legislative and executive branches mirrors that of the federal system: The governments in Berlin , Bremen and Hamburg are the " senates ".
In the three free states of Bavaria , Saxony , and Thuringia , the government is the "state government" Staatsregierung ; and in the other ten states, the "Land government" Landesregierung.
The Senate was abolished following a referendum in The states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg are governed slightly differently from the other states.
The parliaments in the remaining 13 states are referred to as Landtag State Parliament. The city-states of Berlin and Hamburg are subdivided into boroughs.
The City of Bremen consists of two urban districts: Bremen and Bremerhaven , which are not contiguous. In the other states there are the following subdivisions:.
This arrangement was meant to ease the friction caused by uniting the two culturally different regions into a single state after World War II. From until , Saxony was divided into three districts called Direktionsbezirke since The state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen consists of two urban districts, while Berlin and Hamburg are states and urban districts at the same time.
Each consists of an elected council and an executive, which is chosen either by the council or by the people, depending on the state, the duties of which are comparable to those of a county executive in the United States , supervising local government administration.
The Landkreise have primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as highways, hospitals, and public utilities. They are intended to implement simplification of administration at that level.
Typically, a district-free city or town and its urban hinterland are grouped into such an association, or Kommunalverband besonderer Art.
Such an organization requires the issuing of special laws by the governing state, since they are not covered by the normal administrative structure of the respective states.
Every rural district and every Amt is subdivided into municipalities, while every urban district is a municipality in its own right.
Cities and towns are municipalities as well, also having city rights or town rights Stadtrechte. Nowadays, this is mostly just the right to be called a city or town.
However, in former times there were many other privileges, including the right to impose local taxes or to allow industry only within city limits.
The municipalities are ruled by elected councils and by an executive, the mayor, who is chosen either by the council or directly by the people, depending on the state.
The "constitution" for the municipalities is created by the states and is uniform throughout a state except for Bremen, which allows Bremerhaven to have its own constitution.
The municipalities have two major policy responsibilities. First, they administer programs authorized by the federal or state government.
Recent lookups click on a word to display the dictionary results again: Zur mobilen Version wechseln. Orthographically similar words Bundeslade. Forum discussions containing the search term Lehramt: Last post 29 Jan 10, Last post 22 Nov 08, Last post 17 Aug 07, In need of language advice?
Get help from other users in our forums. Beliebte Suchbegriffe to provide approach issue consider Vorschlag Angebot Termin. Im Web und als APP. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren?